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All about Purebred German Shepherd Puppies

Harvie Dent Apr 11, 2016
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The German Shepherds, officially recognized by the AKC (American Kennel Club) in 1908, are one of the smartest, confident, courageous and steady dog breeds and also a true dog lover’s dog. As the name resembles, this medium sized working dogs was originated in Germany. These dogs were originally developed for herding sheep but after considering their strength, intelligence, power, obedience, and train-ability, they were started being used for many other types of work like disability assistance, search-and-rescue, police and military roles, personal protection, dog sports and even acting. German Shepherds are the second most popular dog breed in the entire world!

Height (average)Male: 24-26 inches (60-65 cm), Female: 22-24 inches (50-60 cm)
Weight (average)Male: 30-40 kg (66-88 lb), Female: 22-32 kg (49-71 lb)
Life Expectancy11 to 13 years
Best EnviromentOutside. Can adept with enough exercise.
Temparmentcourageous, keen, alert, fearless, confident, clever

So, to make sure if the new member who will be coming in to your house and heart, is purebred or not. There are some parameters or things to note which will be beneficial for you while taking the final decision. So, keep your eyes rolling till the end of this post.

The Different (Approved) Colors Of The German Shepherd

Most of the people think that the color of purebred German Shepherd puppies is only black with some patches of dark brown. And that anything other than that are mixed breed or not a highly-pure breed, This is not true. There are 11 standard coat colors of German Shepherd approved by AKC and these all colors are genetically gifted and are also considered in pure breed category.

Bi Colorbi_color
Black & Creamblack_cream
Black & Redblack_red
Black & Silverblack_silver
Black & Tanblack_tan

General Appearance in the Parents

4040604105_626aa8d665_bYour purebred German Shepherd puppy will grow to be a medium-sized dog, well-built, elongated and lean muscled animal. The body structure is well balanced with consistent development of the forequarter and hindquarter. The ideal dog prints with a quality look and nobility who is difficult to predict but unmistakable when present. The out sketch of the body is shaped with clean outlines rather than sharp edges, giving the dog a fit and elegant personality and the rest of the body is beautified by their long coat hair. The length of the body is generally greater than the height of German Shepherd. This of course is not recognizable in your new puppy, but you can check all of those identifications at the parents before making a purchase or an adoption choice.

Facial Identification

Here are some visual parameters to check whether your puppy is one among the purebred German Shepherd puppies.

Face PartNecessary for Purebred Status
HeadThe head should be in proportion to the dog’s body and the forehead to be little rounded having a keen and bold expression. The head of male German Shepherd should be more muscular than the female’s head.
NoseThere is no such particular shape or criteria to determine the shape of the nose. Other than that, the nose should be black in color.
EyesThe eyes should be medium sized and almond shaped. The eyes should not be protruding rather somewhat slanting. The color of the eyes should be dark.
EarsThe ears should be broad from the bottom and triangular in shape from the tip. They should be placed in such a way that the center line of each ear appears parallel to each other and perpendicular to the ground. In the case of puppies, the ears are dropped or pulled towards each other which is completely normal in this period. It can last until six months of age.
NeckThe dog should have a lean, muscular, long and flexible neck. There should be no folds of skin on the neck which can cause looseness of the throat portion.
Teeth/MouthThe dog should contain complete 42 teeth. ( 20 in the upper jaw and 22 in the lower one) The jaws are very strong and have a scissors bite. The muzzle of the German Shepherd should be rigid and long enough to form a wedge-shaped.

Additional Points

Face PartNecessary for Purebred Status
TailThe dog should have a bush like tail which is set smoothly into the croup with the last vertebra extended past hock joint. The tail should hang with a slight curve in the resting position and raise with a more pronounced curve in the motion but the tail should never curl forward beyond a vertical line.
Feet The feet are generally short, round, well-arched having short and strong nails darker in color. Sometimes dew claws are developed on the hind legs which should be removed before the first week of birth.


The dog’s outer coat layer should be rich and the straight body hairs should be long enough. The coat should be short on the head side but including the parts like ears, the front legs, feet, and toes. The hair grows longer on the back of the fore and hind legs. A dog with very less hair density or growth is a faulty one.



It is strongly believed that the purebred animals are more prone to health problems. But in the case of German Shepherds, the theory does not fit at all. They don’t require any particular living condition to live. They are capable enough to stand themselves in the tougher situations with ease and grace. Other than that they are prone to some hereditary diseases like hip and elbow dysplasia, blood disorders, digestive problems, bloat, epilepsy, chronic eczema, keratitis (inflammation of the cornea), dwarfism and flea allergies.

Many of them occur due to indiscriminate breeding which means the chance of having such diseases in purebred is diminished. There are some more diseases which need to add to this list including splenic tumors (tumors on the spleen), DM (degenerative myelitis), EPI (exocrine pancreatic insufficiency), and perianal fistulas and Von Willebrand’s disease. There is one major problem which every owner of German Shepherd facing is hair shedding which is not seasonal. It occurs for whole life.



In my opinion, German Shepherd is one of the versatile dog breed having all the qualities like family protection, athletic, energetic, dominant, intelligent and one important point, low maintenance. There are some points to remember before purchasing a purebred German Shepherd puppy.

  • Ask for AKC of the puppy as it is the symbol of the purity of the dog.
  • Don’t believe the local breeders.
  • Always consult your veterinary doctor before buying a dog.
  • Check initially, whether the puppy is physically and mentally fit.

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2 Responses

  1. Great post. The German Shepherd is my favorite dog. They’re so smart and beautiful. My Star was one of the greatest dogs I’ve ever had. She died last year, at the age of 14, from cancer. I miss her so much. Thanks!


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